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Seminar at the

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions

Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

 Jacques Smulevici (Orsay)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)


 This Fall: October 10, November 21, and December 12, 2016


 

Monday October 10, 2016

room 15/25-104

 

 14h Peter Hintz (Berkeley)

Nonlinear stability of Kerr-de Sitter black holes

Abstract. In joint work with András Vasy, we recently established the stability of the Kerr-de Sitter family of black holes as solutions of the initial value problem for the Einstein vacuum equations with positive cosmological constant, for small angular momenta but without any symmetry assumptions on the initial data. I will explain the general framework which enables us to deal systematically with the diffeomorphism invariance of Einstein’s equations, and thus how our solution scheme finds a suitable (wave map type) gauge within a carefully chosen finite-dimensional family of gauges; I will also address the issue of finding the mass and the angular momentum of the final black hole.

 15h30 Stefan Czimek (Paris)

An extension procedure for the constraint equations

Abstract. In this talk we present a new extension procedure for the maximal constraint equations of general relativity, motivated by applications to the Cauchy problem. Given a small solution on the unit ball, we can extend it to an asymptotically flat global solution. The main features are that our extension procedure does not need a gluing region, preserves regularity and works in weak regularity. For the proof, we use new methods to solve the prescribed divergence equation for the second fundamental form and the prescribed scalar curvature equation for the metric. We use the under-determinedness of the constraint equations to conserve regularity.

 


 

Monday November 21, 2016

room 15/16-413

 

14h The-Cang Nguyen (Paris)

Progress and recent results for the conformal equations

Abstract. The presentation will be divided into two parts. First, I will introduce the conformal equations and present recent results for these equations as well as questions arising naturally. In a second part, I will talk about the “half-continuity method” and explain how to use this method for giving answers to the questions posed in the first part.

15h30 Volker Schlue (Paris)

On the nonlinear stability of expanding black hole cosmologies

 


 

Monday December 12, 2016

room 15/25-102

 

14h Michał Wrochna (Grenoble)

The quantum stress-energy tensor and its intricate relationship with spacetime geometry

Abstract. It is widely believed that at low energies, quantum gravity should yield an effective theory described by Einstein equations with a stress-energy tensor made of averaged fluctuations of quantum fields. The construction of that stress-energy tensor is however very problematic and its intricate dependence on spacetime geometry results in highly non-linear equations that possess no qualitative theory to date. In this talk I will review this problem as a motivation for improving the construction of linear Klein-Gordon quantum fields, and discuss recent progress that allows for a better control of the dependence on the spacetime metric (partly based on joint work with Christian Gérard).

15h30 Guillaume Idelon-Riton (Regensburg)

Some results about the scattering theory for the massive Dirac fields in the Schwarzschild-Anti-de Sitter space-time

Abstract.  I will first give a brief presentation of the Schwarzschild-Anti-de Sitter spacetime and of some of its geometrical properties that will concern us. Then I will present the massive Dirac equation in this space-time and first study the Cauchy problem which is not completely obvious since our spacetime is not globally hyperbolic. I will then give a result concerning the asymptotic completeness for these fields. By means of a Mourre estimate, it is possible to obtain that the minimal velocity for these fields is 1. I will then show that our dynamics behaves in asymptotic regions like a transport at unit speed in the direction of the black hole. In a third part, I will study the local energy decay for these fields. First, using the existence of exponentially accurate quasi-modes, I will show a logarithmic lower bound on the local energy decay which is in accordance with the results of G. Holzegel and J. Smulevici in the Kerr-Anti-de Sitter spacetime for the Klein-Gordon fields. In order to obtain an upper bound, I will prove the existence of resonances and give some tools in order to localize them.

 

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Workshop 2016

“Modeling and Computation of Shocks and Interfaces”

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions

Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

 Charalambos Makridakis  (Brighton)

Supported by the ModCompShock ITN project

and a project PICS CNRS


 Dec. 6 around 1:30pm to Dec. 8 around 1pm


Main speakers

Remi Abgrall (Zurich)

Benjamin Boutin (Rennes)

Christophe Chalons (Versailles)

Sergey Gavrilyuk (Marseille)

Charalambos Makridakis (Brighton)

Pierangelo Marcati (L’Aquila)

Siddhartha Mishra (Zurich)

Carlos Pares (Malaga)

Nils Risebro (Oslo)

Giovanni Russo (Catania)

Lev Truskinovsky (Palaiseau)

 


Titles of the lectures

Remi Abgrall

Benjamin Boutin Numerical boundary layers for linear hyperbolic IBVP and semigroup estimate

Christophe Chalons On the computation of non conservative products and cell averages in finite volume methods

Makridakis Charalambos  Energy/entropy consistent computational methods

Sergey Gavrilyuk Shock-droplet interaction via a new hyperbolic phase field model

Pierangelo Marcati Splash singularities for incompressible viscoelatic fluids 

Siddhartha Mishra Statistical solutions of systems of conservation laws

Carlos Pares Entropy stable schemes for degenerate convection-diffusion equations

Nils Risebro  Numerical methods for scalar conservation laws with a stochastically driven flux

Giovanni Russo Shock capturing schemes for all Mach number flow in gas dynamics

Lev Truskinovsky Solitary waves in the FPU lattice: from quasi-continuum to anti-continuum limit


Schedule of the workshop

Tuesday afternoon

2pm-2:45pm: C. Makridakis

2:45-3:30pm: C. Pares

3:30pm: coffee break

4pm-4:45pm G. Russo

Wednesday morning

10am-10:45am: S. Gavrilyuk

10:45am: coffee break

11:15am: C. Chalons

Noon: lunch buffet

Wednesday afternoon

2pm-2:45pm R. Abgrall

2:45pm-3:30pm S. Mishra

3:30am coffee break

4pm L. Truskinovsky

Thursday morning

9:30am-10:15am N. Risebro

10:15am coffee break

10:45am B. Boutin

11:30am P. Marcati

12:15 lunch buffet (end of the workshop)



Participants to the workshop


Other practical informations

The workshop will take place in the main lecture room 309 of the Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, which is located in the building 15-16.

Address: 4 Place Jussieu, 75258 Paris. Subway station: Jussieu.

List of hotels in the vicinity of the university

September 14, 2015 to December 18, 2015

Trimester Program at the

Centre Emile Borel

Financial support provided by Institut Henri Poincaré

and ANR Project “Mathematical General Relativity”

Organizers

Lars Andersson (Potsdam)

Sergiu Klainerman (Princeton) 

Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris) 


MAIN THEMES OF THE PROGRAM

Einstein’s field equation of general relativity is one of the most important geometric partial differential equations. Over the past decade, the mathematical research on Einstein equation has made spectacular progress on many fronts (Cauchy problem, cosmic censorship, asymptotic behavior). These developments have brought into focus the deep connections between the Einstein equation and other important geometric PDE’s, including the wave map equation, Yang-Mills equation, Yamabe problem, as well as Hamilton’s Ricci flow. The field is of growing interest for mathematicians and of intense current activity, as is illustrated by major recent breakthrough, concerning the uniqueness and stability of the Kerr black hole model, the formation of trapped surfaces, and the bounded L2 curvature problem. Specifically, the themes of mathematical interest that will be developed in the present Program and are currently most active include:

  • The initial value problem for Einstein equation and the causal geometry of spacetimes with low regularity, formation of trapped surfaces
  • Techniques of Lorentzian geometry: injectivity radius estimates, geometry of null cones; construction of parametrix
  • Geometry of black hole spacetimes: uniqueness theorems, censorship principles
  • Coupling of Einstein equation for self-gravitating matter models, weakly regular spacetimes, nonlinear stability of Minkowski space with matter

General schedule for the Trimester

SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES during the Trimester


WORKSHOPS AND CONFERENCES

 REGISTER HERE 

Sept. 14 to 18, 2015 Summer School – INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL GENERAL RELATIVITY

List of speakers

Greg Galloway (Miami)

Gerhard Huisken (Tuebingen)

Hans Ringstrom (Stockholm)


Sept. 23 to 25, 2015  Workshop – RECENT ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICAL GENERAL RELATIVITY

List of speakers

Spyros Alexakis (Toronto)

Piotr Chrusciel (Vienna)

Joao Costa (Lisbon)

Semyon Dyatlov (Cambridge, USA)

Stefan Hollands (Cardiff)

Alexandru Ionescu (Princeton)

Lionel Mason (Oxford)

Vincent Moncrief (Yale)

Jean-Philippe Nicolas (Brest)

Harvey Reall (Cambridge, UK)

Hans Ringstrom (Stockholm)

Mu-Tao Wang (New York)


Sept. 28 to Oct. 1, 2015  Workshop – GEOMETRIC ASPECTS OF MATHEMATICAL RELATIVITY (Hold in Montpellier and organized by Marc Herzlich and Erwann Delay)

List of speakers

Piotr Chrusciel (Vienna)

Michael Eichmair (Zürich)

Mu-Tao Wang (New York)


Oct. 26 to 29, 2015  Workshop – DYNAMICS OF SELF-GRAVITATING MATTER

List of speakers

Hakan Andreasson (Gothenburg)

Thierry Barbot (Avignon)

Robert Beig (Vienna)

David Fajman (Vienna)

Marc Mars (Salamanca)

David Maxwell (Fairbanks)

Todd Oliynyk (Monash)

Volker Schlue (Toronto)

Bernd Schmidt (Potsdam)

Jared Speck (Cambridge, USA)

Shadi Tahvildar-Zadeh (Rutgers)

Eric Woolgar (Alberta)


Nov. 16 to  20, 2015  International Conference – GENERAL RELATIVITY – A Celebration of the 100th Anniversary

List of speakers        Schedule and title

Jean-Pierre Bourguignon (Bures-sur-Yvette)

Demetrios Christodoulou (Zürich & Athens)

Mihalis Dafermos (Princeton)

Thibault Damour (Bures-sur-Yvette)

Georges Ellis (Cape Town)

Richard Hamilton (New York)

Gustav Holzegel (London)

Jonathan Luk (Cambridge, UK)

Roger Penrose (Oxford)

Richard Schoen (Stanford & Irvine)

Jacques Smulevici (Orsay) 

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Robert Wald (Chicago)

Qian Wang (Oxford)


Dec. 14 to 16, 2015  International Conference-  RELATIVITY AND GEOMETRY – IN MEMORY OF A. LICHNEROWICZ  (Organized by Giuseppe Dito, Jean-Pierre Francoise, Paul Gauduchon, Richard Kerner, Yvette Kosmann-Schwarzbach et Daniel Sternheimer)

List of speakers

Olivier Biquard  (Paris 6)

Robert Bryant (Durham)

Pierre Cartier (Gif-Sur-Yvette) 

Thibault Damour (Gif-Sur-Yvette) 

Nathalie Deruelle (Paris 7)

Simon Donaldson  (Stony Brook & London) 

Michel Dubois-Violette  (Paris 11)

Charles Francès (Strasbourg)

Edward Frenkel  (Berkeley)

Christian Fronsdal (Los Angeles)

Simone Gutt  (Bruxelles)

James Isenberg  (Eugene)  

Sergiu Klainerman  (Princeton) 

Maxim Kontsevich  (Gif-Sur-Yvette) 

Alan Weinstein  (Berkeley)



Program coordinated by the Centre Emile Borel at IHP. Financial support provided by the Institut Henri Poincaré and the ANR Project “Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”.


 
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Organizers

Michael Anderson (Stony Brook)

Sergiu Klainerman (Princeton)

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jared Speck (Cambridge, USA)


Location: Simons Center for Geometry and Physics

Date: One-month concentration period in January 2015

Workshop from January 20 to 23, 2015


Einstein’s field equation of general relativity is one of the most important geometric partial differential equations. Over the past decade, the mathematical research on Einstein equation has made spectacular progress on many fronts, including the Cauchy problem, cosmic censorship, and asymptotic behavior. These developments have brought into focus the deep connections between the Einstein equation and other important geometric partial differential equations, including the wave map equation, Yang-Mills equation, Yamabe equation, as well as Hamilton’s Ricci flow. The field is of growing interest for mathematicians and of intense current activity, as is illustrated by major recent breakthroughs concerning the uniqueness and stability of black hole models, the formation of trapped surfaces, and the bounded L2 curvature problem. The themes of mathematical interest that will be particularly developed in the present Program include the formation of trapped surfaces and the nonlinear interaction of gravitational waves. The new results are based on a vast extension of the earlier technique by Christodoulou and Klainerman establishing the nonlinear stability of the Minkowski space. This Program will be an excellent place in order to present the recent breakthrough on the bounded L2 curvature problem for the Einstein equation, which currently provides the lower regularity theory for the initial value problem, as well as the recently developed theory of weakly regular Einstein spacetimes with distributional curvature.

Long-term participants

Michael Anderson (Stony Brook)

Piotr Chrusciel (Vienna)

Mihalis Dafermos (Princeton)

Cécile Huneau (Paris)

Alexandru D. Ionescu (Princeton)

James Isenberg (Eugene)

Sergiu Klainerman (Princeton)

Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jared Speck (Cambridge, USA)

Jinhua Wang (Hangzhou)

Mu-Tao Wang (New York)

Qian Wang (Oxford)

Willie Wong (Lausanne)

Speakers during the Workshop

  • Tuesday January 20
    • Sung-Ji Oh (Berkeley) Linear instability of the Cauchy horizon in subextremal Reissner-Nordström spacetime under scalar perturbations
    • Volker Schlue (Toronto) Stationarity of time-periodic vacuum spacetimes
    • Alexandru D. Ionescu (Princeton) The Euler–Maxwell system for electrons: global solutions in 2D
    • Joachim Krieger (Lausanne) Concentration-compactness for the critical Maxwell-Klein-Gordon equation
  • Wednesday January 21
    • Xianliang An (Piscataway) Two results on formation of trapped surfaces
    • Tahvildar-Zadeh (Piscataway) The Dirac electron and the Kerr-Newman spacetime
    • Mihalis Dafermos (Princeton)
    • Jim Isenberg (Eugene) Asymptotically hyperbolic shear-free solutions of the Einstein constraint equations
  • Thursday January 22
    • Cécile Huneau (Paris) Stability in exponential time of Minkowski
    • Jacques Smulevici (Orsay) Vector field methods for transport equations with applications to the Vlasov-Poisson system
    • Mu-Tao Wang (New York) Quasi-local angular momentum and the limit at infinity
    • Spyros Alexakis (Toronto) The Penrose inequality for perturbations of the Schwarzschild exterior
  • Friday January 23
    • Mihai Tohaneanu (Statesboro) Pointwise decay for the Maxwell system on black holes
    • Qian Wang (Oxford)
    • Peter Blue (Edinburgh) Revisiting decay of fields outside a Schwarzschild black hole
    • Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris) Weak solutions to the Einstein equations in spherical or T2 symmetry

Attendees List

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Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Ghani Zeghib (Lyon)

ANR Project

“Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”

Wednesday June 17, 2015

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Lecture room 15/25-326

 

11h Emmanuel Hebey (Cergy-Pontoise) Systèmes de Kirchhoff critiques stationnaires sur des variétés compactes

14h  Lydia Bieri (Ann Arbor) Gravitational radiation and two types of memory

Abstract.  We are believed to live on the verge of detection of gravitational waves, which are predicted by General Relativity. In order to understand gravitational radiation, we have to investigate analytic and geometric properties of corresponding solutions to the Einstein equations. Gravitational waves leave a footprint in the spacetime regions they pass, changing the manifold – and therefore displacing test masses – permanently. This is known as the memory effect. It has been believed that for the Einstein equations, being nonlinear, there exists one such effect with a small `linear’ and a large `nonlinear’ part. In this talk, I present some of my joint work with D. Garfinkle showing that these are in fact two different effects.

Philippe LeFloch, DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH AT CNRS Email address: pglefloch [at] gmail.com

IHP PROGRAM

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