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#### Seminar at the

#### Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions

#### Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

*Organizers*

#### Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

#### Jacques Smulevici (Orsay)

#### Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

**Dates of the Seminar for this Academic year: **

**October 9, November 20, December 4, February 12, March 12**

**+ Conference from May 28 to June 1rst**

#### Monday March 12, 2018

*room 15-16 309*

#### 14h Carla Cederbaum (Tubingen)

**On foliations related to the center of mass in general relativity**

Abstract. We will discuss new developments in the analysis of asymptotic foliations by prescribed curvature in relativistic initial data sets with prescribed asymptotic decay, generalizing results by Huisken and Yau. We will relate these foliations to the definition of the center of mass of the initial data sets under consideration. The results presented are joint work with Cortier–Sakovich and with Nerz.

#### 15h30 Maxime Van de Moortel (Stanford)

**Stability and instability in spherical symmetry of Reissner-Nordström black holes for the Einstein-Maxwell-Klein-Gordon model**

Abstract. Penrose’s Strong Cosmic Censorship Conjecture is one of the central problems of Mathematical General Relativity. Its proof for the Einstein-Maxwell-Uncharged-Scalar-Field (EMSF) model in spherical symmetry relies on the formation of a Cauchy horizon that is C0 regular but C2 singular for generic Cauchy data. EMSF model however only admits two-ended black holes, unlike its charged analogue that allow for one-ended black holes, relevant to the study of charged gravitational collapse in spherical symmetry. In this talk I will present my work about spherically symmetric charged and massive scalar fields on black holes. This includes a study of the black hole interior, that relates the behavior of fields on the event horizon to the formation of a C0 regular and C2 singular Cauchy horizon. I will also mention my more recent work on the black hole exterior stability, for weakly charged massless scalar fields.

#### Monday February 12, 2018

*room 15-16 309*

#### 14h Shadi Tahvildar-Zadeh (Rutgers)

**General relativity at the subatomic scale**

Abstract. The idea that General Relativity (GR) may have something to say about the subatomic world is about as old as GR itself, but very few physicists have taken it seriously, and little is known rigorously about it. In this talk I use the problem of the “general- relativistic Dirac spectrum of Hydrogen” to convey the conceptual and technical issues one is up against, and survey recent results obtained in collaboration with my colleague Michael Kiessling and by some of our students and postdocs.

#### 15h30 Thomas W. Johnson (Cambridge)

Abstract. I shall discuss the linear stability of the Schwarzschild family of black holes as solutions to the Einstein vacuum equations when expressed in a generalised wave gauge, a result which complements the recent work of Dafermos, Holzegel and Rodnianski in a similar vein as the pioneering result of Lindblad and Rodnianski complemented the monumental achievement of Christodoulou and Klainerman in establishing the global nonlinear stability of the Minkowski space. The proof relies on classical insights regarding the linearised Einstein equations about the Schwarzschild family, in particular the decoupling of certain gauge-invariant scalars into the Regge—Wheeler and Zerilli equations, and recent advances for the linear wave equation on the Schwarzschild exterior, both of which shall be reviewed.

#### Monday December 4, 2017

*room 16-26 113*

#### 14h Siyuan Ma (Potsdam)

**On Maxwell field and linearized gravity in Kerr**

Abstract. I will consider both Maxwell field and linearized gravity on Kerr backgrounds, and present recent results in obtaining energy and Morawetz estimates for the extreme Newman-Penrose components.

#### 15h30 Claudio Paganini (Potsdam)

**Mode stability on the real axis**

Abstract. I will discuss a generalization of the mode stability result of Whiting (1989) for the Teukolsky equation for the case of real frequencies. The main result states that a separated solution of the Teukolsky equation governing massless test fields on the Kerr spacetime, which is purely outgoing at infinity, and purely ingoing at the horizon, must vanish.

#### Monday November 20, 2017

*room 16-26 113 *

#### 14h Frederico Pasqualotto (Princeton)

**Nonlinear stability for the Maxwell–Born–Infeld system on a Schwarzschild background**

Abstract. The Maxwell–Born–Infeld (MBI) theory is a hyperbolic system of PDEs which describes nonlinear electromagnetism. Due to its tensorial and quasilinear nature, this system can be seen as a nonlinear model problem to study the stability properties of solutions to the Einstein vacuum equations. In this talk, I will present a nonlinear stability result for the MBI system on a fixed Schwarzschild background, when the initial data are constrained to be small. A crucial element of the proof is the observation that some null components of the MBI field satisfy “good” Fackerell–Ipser equations, as in the linear Maxwell case. However, in the MBI case, these equations are coupled through cubic nonlinear right hand sides, which contain all components of the MBI field. In order to resolve the coupling, we prove high-order energy decay and, subsequently, pointwise decay for all the components of the MBI field. This is achieved through the application of many ideas developed in recent years, regarding the decay of linear fields.

#### 15h30 Volker Schlue (Paris)

**On `hard stars’ in general relativity**

Abstract. I will review the classical picture of gravitational collapse in spherical symmetry, from the Oppenheimer-Snyder model (1939) to Christodoulou’s two phase model (1995). I will then turn to the possible end states of gravitational collapse, in particular discuss non-trivial static solutions to the two-phase model, which are idealized models of neutron stars. The main results concern a variational characterization of hard stars, and I will outline their relevance for the orbital stability problem of neutron stars in spherical symmetry. I hope to conclude with a discussion of the various remaining problems that have to be overcome for a global in time result, in particular related to possible phase transitions in this model.

#### Monday October 9, 2017

*room 15/16-309*

#### 14h Daniel Monclair (Orsay)

**Attractors in spacetimes and time functions**

Abstract. A time function on a Lorentzian manifold is a continuous real valued function which is increasing along all future directed causal curves. A result of Hawking states that the existence of a time function is equivalent to stable causality, i.e. the impossibility of generating timelike loops even after small perturbations of the metric. We will discuss a construction of time functions which is quite different from Hawking’s construction, in the sense that it produces functions that still have interesting properties for non stably causal spacetimes (while Hawking’s time functions fail to be continuous without stable causality). Our approach is based on a notion of attracting sets in spacetimes, following the work of Conley on Lyapunov functions.

#### 15h30 The-Cang Nguyen (Paris)

**Global dispersion of self-gravitating massive matter in spherical symmetry**

Abstract. We study massive matter fields evolving under their own gravitational field and we generalize results established by Christodoulou for the spherically symmetric evolution of massless scalar fields governed by the Einstein equations. We encompass both Einstein’s theory and the f(R)-theory of modified gravity defined from a generalized Hilbert-Einstein functional depending on a nonlinear function f(R) of the spacetime scalar curvature R. This is a joint work with P.G. LeFloch and F. Mena.