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Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Ghani Zeghib (Lyon)

ANR Project

“Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”

Wednesday June 17, 2015

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Lecture room 15/25-326

 

11h Emmanuel Hebey (Cergy-Pontoise) Systèmes de Kirchhoff critiques stationnaires sur des variétés compactes

14h  Lydia Bieri (Ann Arbor) Gravitational radiation and two types of memory

Abstract.  We are believed to live on the verge of detection of gravitational waves, which are predicted by General Relativity. In order to understand gravitational radiation, we have to investigate analytic and geometric properties of corresponding solutions to the Einstein equations. Gravitational waves leave a footprint in the spacetime regions they pass, changing the manifold – and therefore displacing test masses – permanently. This is known as the memory effect. It has been believed that for the Einstein equations, being nonlinear, there exists one such effect with a small `linear’ and a large `nonlinear’ part. In this talk, I present some of my joint work with D. Garfinkle showing that these are in fact two different effects.

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Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Ghani Zeghib (Lyon)

ANR Project

“Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”

Wednesday May 27, 2015

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Lecture room 15-25–326

 

14h Thierry Barbot (Avignon) Surfaces polygonales fuchsiennes et espace de Teichmüller décoré

Abstract. Dans l’article “Fuchsian polyhedra in Lorentzian space-forms, Mathematische Annalen 350, 2, pp. 417-453, 2011″, F. Fillastre a montré que toute métrique euclidienne avec singularités coniques d’angles > 2 pi sur une surface compacte se réalise de manière unique comme une surface de Cauchy polygonale dans un espace-temps globalement hyperbolique localement plat radial (i.e. dont le groupe d’holonomie fixe un point de l’espace de Minkowski). Dans cet exposé, j’évoquerai le travail de L. Brunswic dans son travail de thèse sous ma direction, qui vise à reprouver ce résultat et à l’étendre au cas des surfaces polygonales dans un espace-temps localement plat mais admettant des particules massives. Le but est de montrer qu’il y a encore existence et unicité une fois prescrit la masse des particules massives (le cas régulier montré par Fillastre correspondant au cas où l’angle singulier des particules massives est 2pi). Je montrerai aussi que la situation étudiée par R. Penner dans l’article “The Decorated Teichmϋller Space of Punctured Surfaces, Commun. Math. Phys. 113, 299-339 (1987)” est un cas limite de la situation étudiée par Brunswic, et correspond au cas où les particules sont d’angle conique nul. Je montrerai aussi comment répondre positivement à la question dans le cas où il n’y a qu’une singularité.

15h30 Andrea Seppi (Pavia) Convex surfaces in (2+1)-dimensional Minkowski space

Abstract.  It is known that the hyperbolic plane admits an isometric embedding into Minkowski space; in 1983 Hanu and Nomizu first observed the existence of non-equivalent isometric embeddings, thus showing a relevant difference with the Euclidean case. In this talk, I will introduce some natural properties of a convex surface in Minkowski space, concerning causality and asymptotic behavior. I will then explain some new results (jointly with Francesco Bonsante) on the classification of constant curvature surfaces with bounded principal curvatures and on the solvability of Minkowski problem in (2+1)-dimensional Minkowski space. If time permits, I will give the main ideas of the proof and especially the relation to some type of Monge-Ampere equations.

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Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Ghani Zeghib (Lyon)

ANR Project

“Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”

Wednesday April 15, 2015

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Lecture room 15-25–326

 

14h Shiwu Yang (Cambridge) Decay properties of solutions of Maxwell Klein-Gordon equations

Abstract.  I will present some recent progress on the asymptotic behavior of global solutions to Maxwell-Klein-Gordon equations. I will show that the integrated local energy and the energy flux through the outgoing null hypersurfaces decays polynomially in the retarded time in Minkowski space with data merely bounded in some gauge invariant weighted Sobolev space. This in particular includes the case with large charge. One novelty of this work is that these decay estimates precisely capture the asymptotic properties for the non-linear fields with arbitrarily large data. If in addition that the initial data for the scalar field is sufficiently small, then we show the pointwise decay of the solutions. This result improves the previous result of Lindblad and Sterbenz in which smallness is required for both the scalar field and the Maxwell field.

15h30 Gustav Holzegel (London) Local and global dynamics in asymptotically anti de Sitter spacetimes

Abstract.  Asymptotically anti de Sitter (aAdS) spacetimes play a prominent role in theoretical physics and mathematics.  Due to the presence of a timelike hypersurface at infinity these spacetimes are not globally hyperbolic, a fact that leads to intricate initial boundary value problems when studying global dynamics of hyperbolic equations on these backgrounds. In this talk, I will present several local and global results for the massive wave equation on aAdS spacetimes (including black hole spacetimes) with emphasis on how different boundary conditions (Dirichlet, Neumann or dissipative) influence the global dynamics. In particular, I will outline a recent proof (obtained in collaboration with J. Luk, J. Smulevici and C. Warnick) of linear stability and decay for gravitational perturbations on anti de Sitter space under dissipative boundary conditions. The proof unravels an interesting trapping phenomenon near the conformal boundary which necessarily leads to a degeneration in the decay estimates. Time permitting some future applications will also be discussed.

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Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Ghani Zeghib (Lyon)

ANR Project

“Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”

Wednesday March 4, 2015

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Lecture room 15-25–326

 

14h François Fillastre (Cergy-Pontoise) Minkowski problem in Minkowski space

Abstract. T. Barbot, F. Beguin and A. Zeghib solved a smooth Lorentzian version of the Minkowski problem in dimension (2+1). More precisely they proved that if M is a flat 3-dimensional maximal globally hyperbolic spatially compact spacetime, then there exists a unique strictly convex smooth space-like surface in M with a prescribed smooth positive Gauss curvature. We will look at this problem for any dimensions. The existence part is solved in a generalized way (a measure is prescribed rather than a function). Concerning the regularity of the solution, the 2+1 case is specific. The arguments are based on tools from the geometry of convex sets. Joint work with Francesco Bonsante (Pisa).

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Organizers

 Philippe G. LeFloch (Paris)

Jérémie Szeftel (Paris)

Ghani Zeghib (Lyon)

ANR Project

“Mathematical General Relativity. Analysis and geometry of spacetimes with low regularity”

Wednesday Feb. 11, 2015

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris

Lecture room 15-25–326

 


14h Bruno Premoselli (Cergy-Pontoise) Robustness of the conformal constraints in a scalar-field setting

Abstract. The constraint equations arise in the initial-value formulation of the Einstein equations. The conformal method allows one to rewrite the constraint equations into a determined system of nonlinear, supercritical, elliptic PDE’s. In this talk, we will investigate some stability properties for this elliptic system. The notion of stability under consideration, defined as the continuous dependence of the set of solutions of the conformal constraint system with respect to its coefficients, is reformulated for the conformal method. The analysis of these stability properties involves blow-up techniques concerning defects of compactness for supercritical nonlinear elliptic equations. This is a joint work with Olivier Druet.

15h30 Christophe Bavard (Bordeaux) Points conjugués des tores lorentziens

Abstract. Les points conjugués jouent un rôle important dans l’étude des variétés riemanniennes et lorentziennes, en particulier pour l’étude du rayon d’injectivité. Dans le cadre riemannien, l’absence de points conjugués impose des contraintes assez fortes sur la topologie de la variété, et parfois même sur sa géométrie. Ainsi, un résultat de Hopf (1948), généralisé par Burago et Ivanov (1994), affirme qu’un tore riemannien sans points conjugués est nécessairement plat. Dans cet exposé, je montrerai l’existence de métriques sans points conjugués dans toute composante connexe de l’espace des métriques lorentziennes sur le tore de dimension 2 ; cela prouve en particulier l’existence de tores lorentziens sans points conjugués et non plats. Il s’agit d’un travail conjoint avec Pierre Mounoud.

Philippe LeFloch, DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH AT CNRS Email address: pglefloch [at] gmail.com

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